Estonia is the first country to offer e-Residency, a government-issued digital identity and status that provides access to Estonia’s e-services and transparent business environment.
Estonian e-Residency provides digital entrepreneurs the freedom to establish and manage an EU-based company paperlessly, from anywhere in the world. Thus far, more than 70,000 people from 170+ countries have applied for e-Residency, establishing over 12,000 Estonian companies.
Note, an e-Residency digital ID card provides access to e-services, but it is not a valid form of physical identification and cannot be used as a travel document. e-Residency does not confer citizenship, tax residency, physical residency or right of entry to Estonia or the European Union.
The programme is a government-wide initiative lead by the e-Residency team, the Police and Border Guard Board and a number of government ministries that are dedicated to constantly improving Estonia's digital infrastructure and business environment. To learn more about this effort, read our e-Residency 2.0 white paper launched with President Kersti Kaljulaid.