What is e-Residency

Estonia is the first country to offer e-Residency, a government-issued digital identity and status that provides access to Estonia’s e-services and transparent business environment.

Estonian e-Residency provides digital entrepreneurs the freedom to establish and manage an EU-based company paperlessly, from anywhere in the world. Thus far, more than 50,000 people from 165+ countries have applied for e-Residency, establishing over 6,000 Estonian companies.

Note, an e-Residency digital ID card provides access to e-services, but it is not a valid form of physical identification and cannot be used as a travel document. e-Residency does not confer citizenship, tax residency, physical residency or right of entry to Estonia or the European Union.

The programme is a government-wide initiative lead by the e-Residency team, the Police and Border Guard Board and a number of government ministries that are dedicated to constantly improving Estonia's digital infrastructure and business environment. To learn more about this effort, read our e-Residency 2.0 white paper launched with President Kersti Kaljulaid.

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